The Central Board of Secondary Education curriculum is a standardized curriculum that is followed in all the schools affiliated to CBSE. The Board envisions the all-around development of students in consonance with the holistic approach to education. Therefore, it has done away with three artificial boundaries between the co-curricular domain and the curricular domain. At the secondary level, the CBSE Syllabus provided students with a broad and balanced understanding of subjects including languages, Mathematics, Science, and Social Science. The knowledge of these subjects enables them to communicate effectively, analyze information, and make informed decisions. Also, they can construct their worldview in alignment with constitutional values and move ahead in the direction of becoming productive citizens.
The recent focus of CBSE is on the development of 21st-century skills in settings where each student feels independent, safe, and comfortable with their learning. The Board hopes that schools will try to align curriculum in a way so that children feel more connected to it and employ their learning in real-life contexts. To achieve this aim, it is extremely important that children acquire adequate knowledge and skills in other core areas like Health and Physical Education, Life Skills, Values Education, Art Education, Work Education.
Major Learning Areas of CBSE Secondary Curriculum
In an operational sense, the secondary curriculum is learner-centred, with school being a place where students would be acquiring various skills; building self-concept, sense of enterprise, aesthetic sensibilities, and sportsmanship. Therefore, for the purpose of fostering core competencies in students, this curriculum encompasses major learning areas as under:
|Health and Physical Education||Compulsory Subjects having only school based internal assessment|
The CBSE curriculum envisages individual learning propensity and seeks to explore the potential of students in acquiring knowledge and skills. With greater orientation and research skills in core areas, students would evolve as judicious young adults with a sense of real self-estimate having true values and principles. The curricular areas are as follows:
It includes Hindi, English and 37 other languages. The curricula in languages focus on listening, speaking, reading and writing skills and, hence, develop effective communicative proficiencies. Learners use language to comprehend, acquire and communicate ideas in an effective manner.
(ii) Social Science
This subject includes Geography, History, Economics and Political Science. Social Science intends to make learners understand their cultural, geographical and historical milieus and gain in-depth knowledge, attitude, skills and values necessary to bring about transformation for a better world.
It includes Biology, Chemistry and Physics subjects under it. Science includes gaining knowledge about Food, Materials, The World of the Living, How things work, Moving things, People and Ideas, Natural Phenomenon and Natural Resources. The Focus is on knowledge and skills to develop a scientific attitude and to use and apply such knowledge for improving the quality of life.
Maths includes acquiring the concepts related to number sense, operation sense, computation, measurement, geometry, probability and statistics, the skill to calculate and organize, the ability to apply this Knowledge and acquired skills in their daily life and the skills to think mathematically. It also includes the understanding of the principles of reasoning and problem-solving. Children learn to rationalize and reason about pre-defined arrangements, norms and relationships in order to comprehend, decode, validate and develop relevant patterns. So, for board exams, students must practice CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Maths. Doing so will help them in scoring high marks in the exam.
Apart from these major subjects, there are other subjects as mentioned below:
- Skills Electives
- Art Education
- Health and Physical Education
- Work Experience
Students must focus on all the subjects equally as each subject is designed to increase the intellectual level of students and also help in their mental and physical development.